European language sources on Jihad, suggested by Jon Brockopp:

 

Peter Partner, God of Battles: Holy Wars of Christianity and Islam.

Princeton: 1997.

Jon

* * * * *

Abou El Fadl, Khaled. Rebellion & Violence in Islamic Law. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

------. "The Common and Islamic Law of Duress." Arab Law Quarterly 2 (1991): 121-159.

------. ''Ahkam al-Bughat: Irregular Warfare and the Law of Rebellion in Islam,'' in Cross, Crescent, and Sword: The Justification and Limitation of War in Western and Islamic Tradition, ed. James Turner Johnson and John Kelsay. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1990, 149-76.

Abu-Rabi', Ibrahim. Intellectual Origins of Islamic Resurgence in the Modern Arab World. Albany: State University of New York, 1996.

Abu Zahra, Muhammad. Concept of War in Islam. Trans. Muhammad al-Hady and Taha Omar. Cairo: Ministry of Waqf, 1961.

Ben Ashoor, Yadh. Islam and International Humanitarian Law. Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross, 1980.

Bennoune, Karima. "As-Salamu <Alaykum? Humanitarian Law in Islamic Jurisprudence." Michigan Journal of International Law 15 (Winter 1994): 605-43.

Boisard, Marcel. "On the Probable Influence of Islam on Western Public and International Law." International Journal of Middle East Studies 11 (July 1980): 429-50.

Donner, Fred. "The Sources of Islamic Conceptions of War," in Just War and Jihad: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on War and Peace in Western and Islamic Traditions, ed. John Kelsay and James Turner Johnson. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Esposito, John L. The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality? Third edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Fergosi, Paul. Jihad in the West: Muslim Conquest from the 7th to the 21st Centuries. Amherst: Prometheus Books, 1998.

Firestone, Reuven. "Conceptions of Holy War in Biblical and Qur'anic Tradition," Journ. Rel. Ethics 24:1 (1996): 99-123.

al-Ghunaimi, Mohammad Talaat. The Muslim Conception of International Law and the Western Approach. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1968.

Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck. "Operation Desert Storm and the War of Fatwas," in Islamic Legal Interpretation and Their Fatwas, ed. Muhammad Khalid Masud, Brinkley Messick, and David S. Powers. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996, 297-309.

Jansen, Johannes J. G. The Neglected Duty: The Creed of Sadat's Assassins and Islamic Resurgence in the Middle East. New York: Macmillan, 1986.

Johnson, James Turner. The Holy War Idea in Western and Islamic Traditions. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

------. ''Historical Roots and Sources of the Just War Tradition in Western Culture,'' in Just War and Jihad: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on War and Peace in Western and Islamic Traditions, ed. John Kelsay and James Johnson. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.

------. Can Modern War be Just? New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.

Johnson, James Turner and John Kelsay, ed. Cross, Crescent, and Sword: The Justification and Limitation of War in Western and Islamic Traditions. Contributions to the Study of Religions, 27. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Kelsay, John. "Bosnia and the Muslim Critique of Modernity," in Religion and Justice in the War over Bosnia, ed. G. Scott Davis. New York and London: Routledge, 1996.

------. Islam and War. Louisville, Kentucky: John Knox Press, 1993.

Kelsay, John and James Turner Johnson, ed. Just War and Jihad: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on War and Peace in Western and Islamic Traditions. Contributions to the Study of Religion, 28. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Kepel, Gillles. Muslim Extremism in Egypt: The Prophet and Pharaoh. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

Khadduri, Majid. War and Peace in the Law of Islam. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1955; reprint New York: AMS Press, 1979.

Kraemer, Joel L. ''Apostates, Rebels and Brigands.'' Israel Oriental Studies 10 (1980): 34-73.

Lawrence, Bruce B. Shattering the Myth: Islam Beyond Violence. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Mayer, Ann Elizabeth. "War and Peace in the Islamic Law Tradition and International Law," in Just War and Jihad, ed. James Turner Johnson and John Kelsay. New York: Greenwood, 1991.

Mir, Mustansir. "Jihad in Islam," in The Jihad and Its Times, ed. Hadia Dajani-Shakeel and Ronald Messier. Ann Arbor: Center for Near Eastern and North African Studies, University of Michigan, 1991.

Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza. The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution: The

Jama'at-i Islami of Pakistan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Peters, Rudolph. Jihad: In Classical and Modern Islam. Princeton: Markus Wiener, 1996.

Rosenthal, Franz. "On Suicide in Islam." Journal of the American Oriental Society 66 (1946): 239-59.

al-Shaybani, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan. The Islamic Law of Nations: Shaybani's Siyar (Kitab al-siyar al-kabir). Trans. Majid Khadduri. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1966.

Umri, Jalaluddin. "Suicide or Termination of Life." Islamic Comparative Law Quarterly 7 (1987): 136-44.

Zehili, Wahba Moustapha. "Dispositions internationales relatives la guerre, justifies au regard de l'Islam et leurs aspects humains caractristiques," in Les religions et la guerre: Judaisme, Christianisme, Islam, ed. Pierre Viaud. Paris: Cerf, 1991.

 

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